一肖一码必中

一肖一码必中

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葡萄种植节水灌溉技术应用
发布时间:2018-11-11 阅读:203

YI.XIANYOUDEJIESHUIGUANGAIFANGFA


GUANSHUIFANGFAJITIANJIANPEISHUIFANGFA,JIUSHIRUHEJIANGYISONGDAOTIANTOUDEGUANGAISHUIJUNYUNDIFENBUDAOZUOWUGENXIHUODONGCENGZHONGQU。ANGUANGAISHUISHITONGGUOHEZHONGTUJINGJINRUGENXIHUODONGCENG,GUANSHUIFANGFAKEFENWEIDIMIANGUANGAI、PENGUAN、WEIGUANHEDIXIAGUANGAI。


(YI)DIMIANGUANGAI


DIMIANGUANGAISHIGULAODECHUANTONGDEGUANSHUIFANGFA,YIBANSHUOLAITASHIZUOWEIBIJIAOSHIFOUJIESHUIDEJIDIAN。DANSHIDIMIANGUANGAIJISHUYEZAIBUDUANFAZHANBUDUANWANSHAN,SUOYIZUIJINYEYOUXUDUOBICHUANTONGDIMIANGUANGAIJISHUGENGJIESHUIDEFANGFA。


1.XINDEGOUQIGUANSHUIGONGJU


CHUANTONGDEGOUQIGUANSHUISHIYONGRENGONGCONGPEISHUIQUKAIKOUFANGSHUIRUGOUQI,ZHEIYANGJIBUZHUNQUEYOUBUFANGBIAN,ERQIECHANGYINFANGSHUIKOUSHENLOUZAOCHENGSHUIDETIANJIANSUNSHI,GUOWAIZAOYICAIYONGHONGXIGUAN(YONGYUMINGQUSHUSHUIDEQINGKUANG)HUOZHAMENKONGGUAN(YONGYUGUANDAOSHUSHUIDEQINGKUANG)FANGSHUI,WOGUOYIZUOLEYIXIESHIYAN,ZHENGMINGKETIGAOTIANJIANSHUILIYONGLV5%~10%。


2.BOYONGGUANGAI


JINDAIGUOWAIYOUYANJIUCHUBOYONG(GOU)QIGUANHUOCHENGJIANXIEGOU(QI)GUAN,JIUSHIKONGZHIFANGRUGOU(QI)DELIULIANGSHIJIANXIEDE,XIANGTIANJIANFANGYIDUANSHIJIAN(JIFENZHONGHUOJISHIFENZHONG)DESHUIRANHOUTINGZHIFANGSHUIYIDUANSHIJIAN(JIFENZHONGHUOJISHIFENZHONG),RUCIFANFU,ZHEIYANGKEYISHIYANGOU(QI)ZHANGDUFANGXIANGDESHUILIANGFENBUGENGJIAJUNYUN。TIANJIANSHUILIYONGLVKEDA80%~90%。


3.MOSHANGGUAN(YOUCHENGMOKONGGUAN)


ZAIDIMOSHANGZUOCHENGGOUZHUANG,SHUIJIUZAIMOSHANGLIUDONG,DAOZUOWUZHANGCHUKONGCHUCAISHENRUTUDI,ZHEIYANGGUANSHUIXIAOLVGAO,YIBANKEJIESHUI25%~35%,ZENGCHAN15%~20%,YOUBUYAOZHUANMENDESHESHI。


(ER)PENGUAN


PENGUANSHITONGGUOKONGZHONGJINXINGPENSHUI,YOUYUXUYAOYALISUOYICHANGYONGYALIGUANDAOSHUSHUI。YIBANSHUOLAI,QIMINGXIANDEYOUDIANSHIGUANSHUIJUNYUN,SHAOZHANGENGDI,JIESHENGRENLI,DUIDIXINGDESHIYINGXINGQIANG。ZHUYAOQUEDIANSHISHOUFENGYINGXIANGDA,SHEBEITOUZIGAO。ZAIWOGUOYONGDEJIAODUODEYOUYIXIAJIZHONG:GUDINGGUANDAOSHIPENGUAN、.BANYIDONGSHIGUANDAOPENGUAN、GUNYISHIPENGUANZHIGUAN、SHIZHENSHIPENGUANJI、DAXINGPINGYIPENGUANJI、WENPANSHIPENGUANJIYIJIZHONG、XIAOXINGPENGUANJIZUDENG。


(SAN)DIGUAN


SHIYONGXIAOSULIAOGUANJIANGGUANGAISHUIZHIJIESONGDAOMEIKEZUOWUGENBUDEFUJIN,SHUIYOUDITOUMANMANDICHU,SHIYIZHONGJINGMIDEGUANGAIFANGFA,ZHIYOUXUYAOSHUIDEDIFANGCAIGUANSHUI,KEZHENZHENGZUODAOZHIGUANZUOWUERBUSHIGUANTUDI。ERQIEKEZHANGSHIJIANSHIZUOWUGENQUDESHUIFENCHUYUZUIYOUZHUANGTAI,YINCIJISHENGSHUIYOUZENGCHAN。DANQIZUIDAQUEDIANJIUSHIDITOUCHULIUKONGKOUXIAO,LIUSUDI,YINCIDUSAIWENTIYANZHONG。DUIGUANGAISHUIYIDINGYAORENZHENDIJINXINGGUOLVHECHULI。MUQIANWOGUOHAIDOUZHIZHUYIDAOFANGZHIWULIDUSAI,ERTONGYANGYANZHONGDESHENGWUDUSAIHEHUAXUEDUSAIWENTISHANGWEIYINQIZUGOUDEZHONGSHI。DIGUANDEZHUYAOFANGSHIYOU:.GUDINGSHIDIMIANDIGUAN、BANGUDINGSHIDIMIANDIGUAN、.MOXIAGUAN、DIXIADIGUANDENG。


(SI)WEIPENGUAN


YOUDEDIFANGCHENGZHIWEIWUGUAN,YUDIGUANXIANGSI,ZHISHIWEILEKEFUDITOUTAIYIYUDUSAIDEQUEDIAN,JIANGDITOUGAIWEIWEIPENTOU,YOUYUWEIPENTOUCHULIUKONGKOUDAYIXIE,LIULIANGDAYIXIE,LIUSUKUAIYIXIE,SUOYIBUXIANGDITOUNEIMERONGYIDUSAI,DANLIULIANGJIADALE,MAOGUANXIANGYINGYEYAOJIACUXIE,ZAIMEIKEZUOWUHUOSHUXIAZHUANG1~2GEWEIPENTOUYIBANJIKEMANZUGUANGAIDEXUYAO。WEIPENTOURENGYOUDUSAIWENTI,YINCIYEYAODUIGUOLVWENTIJIYUZUGOUDEZHONGSHI,MEIGONGQINGZAOJIAYUGUDINGSHIDIGUANXIANGFANG。ZAIGUOWAIYOUZHUJIANYIWEIPENGUANQUDAIDIGUANDEQUSHI。TEBIESHIYONGYUGUANGAIGUOYUAN。


(WU)SHENGUAN


SHENGUANYUDIXIADEDIGUANXIANGSI,ZHISHIYONGSHENTOUDAITIDITOUQUANBUMAIZAIDIXIA,SHENTOUDESHUIBUXIANGDITOUNEIYANGYIDIYIDIDILIUCHU,ERSHIMANMANDESHENLIUCHULAI,ZHEIYANGSHENTOUBURONGYIBEITULIHEGENXISUODUSAI。ZUIJINZAIGUOWAIYINJINCAIYONGFEILUNTAIJIAGONGCHENGDEDUOKONGSHENLIUGUAN,BINGJINXINGXIAOMIANJISHIDIAN,DANSHIWEIKONGSHENLIUGUANDEDUSAISHIYIGEYANZHONGDEWENTI,WEIJINGZHANGSHIJIANSHIYANJIANYANBUYIMAORANTUIGUANG。


(LIU)DIXIAGUANGAI


DIXIAGUANGAISHIYONGKONGZHIDIXIASHUIWEIDEFANGFAJINXINGGUANGAI。ZAIYAOGUANGAISHIBADIXIASHUIWEITAIGAODAOSHUIKEYIJINRUGENXIHUODONGCENGDEGAODU,DIMIANRENGBAOCHIGANZAO,SUOYIFEICHANGSHENGSHUI,BUGUANGAISHIBADIXIASHUIWEIJIANGXIAQU。ZHEIZHONGFANGFADEJUXIANXINGHENDA,ZHIYOUZAIGENXIHUODONGCENGXIAYIYOUBUTOUSHUICENGSHICAIXING。


ER.YINGXIANGJIESHUIGUANGAIFANGSHIXUANZEDEYINSU


(YI)QIHOUTIAOJIAN


WOGUOYOUDONGNANYANHAIXIANGXIBEINEILU,YIBANHUAFENWEISHIRUNDIQU、BANSHIRUNDIQU、BANGANHANDIQUHEGANHANDIQU,SUIZHEGANZAODUDEDIZENG,NONGZUOWUDUIGUANGAIDEYILAICHENGDUYEXIANGYINGDIZENG。SHIRUNDIQUDUONIANPINGJUNJIANGSHUILIANGDAYUZHONGZHIHANZUOWUDETIANJIANHAOSHUILIANG,SHUIZIYUANZONGLIANGYOUYU,ZHISHIZAIGANHANJIJIEHEBUFENGANHANNIANFENJIANGSHUILIANGBUZU,XUYAOBUCHONGGUANGAI;BANSHIRUNDIQUDUONIANPINGJUNJIANGSHUILIANGJIBENFUHEZHONGZHIHANZUOWUDEXUSHUILIANG,DANYOUYUJIANGSHUIFENBUBUJUN,GANHANNIANFENHEGANHANJIJIEQUESHUIJIAODUO;BANGANHANDIQUDUONIANPINGJUNJIANGSHUILIANGBUNENGMANZUZUOWUXUSHUILIANG,RUGUOMEIYOUGUANGAITIAOJIAN,NONGYESHENGCHANZEJIBUWENDING,ZHEILEIDIQURUWUGUANGAITIAOJIAN,KAIHUANGZHONGDI,POHUAIZIRANZHIBEI,JIYIYINQITUDISHAHUA;GANHANDIQUJIANGSHUIXISHAO,MEIYOUGUANGAITIAOJIANJIUMEIYOUNONGYE,ZHEILEIDIQUSHUIYUANQIQUE,HECHUANJINGLIUZHUYAOLAIZIGAOSHANJIANGYUHEBINGXUERONGSHUI,BUJINGONGNONGYELAIYIFAZHAN,ERQIEYANHEDAOFUJINDEZIRANZHIBEIYELAIYISHENGCUN,YINCIYINYONGHESHUIGUANGAI,BIXUGUJIZIRANSHENGTAIYONGSHUI。#p#FENYEBIAOTI#e#


(ER)DIXINGDIMAOHESHUIWENDIZHITIAOJIAN


YINWEIDIXINGDIMAOHESHUIWENDIZHITIAOJIANYINGXIANGYUSHUIDEZIRANFENPEI,SUOYIYEHUIYINGXIANGJIESHUIGUANGAIDEMOSHI。RUSHANQUQIULINGQUDIMIANPODUDOU,YICHANSHENGSHUITULIUSHIHEGANHAN,YINCIJIESHUIGUANGAIYAOCAIQUZONGHECUOSHI。YISHITONGGUONONGYEHAOZUOZAIPEIJISHUHEXIUZHUTITIAN、DIGENGDENG,JIANSHAOPODISHUITULIUSHIHETURANGSHUIFENZHENGFA;ERSHIZAICHONGGOUSHANGXIUZHUTANGBA,HUOZAISHIDANGDIDIANXIUZHUSHUIJIAO,LANXUJINGLIU,JIEJUEYINSHUIHEXIAOMIANJIGUANGAIYONGSHUI;SANSHIZAIDADECHONGGOUHEZHILIUSHANGXIUSHUIKU,JIZHONGKONGZHIJINGLIU,TONGGUOYINSHUIGONGCHENGJIANGGEGEGULIDETANGBAGOUTONG,XINGCHENG"ZHANGTENGJIEGUA"SHIDEGUANGAIXITONG,TIGAOYUSHUILIYONGLVHEGUANGAIYONGSHUIBAOZHENGLV。


(SAN)KELIYONGDEDIBIAOSHUIZIYUANTIAOJIAN


PINGYUANDIQUHEKAIKUODESHANJIANPENDI,SHUIYUANTIAOJIANJIAOHAO,DANBUTONGBUWEIYEYOUXIANZHUCHABIE。SHANQIANQINGXIEPINGYUANDIXINGPODUDA,CHENJIWUKELICU,JINGLIUTONGCHANG,DIXIASHUIBUJIFENGFU,SHUIZHIYOULIANG,YOULIYUKAIFALIYONG。PINGYUANZHONGBUDIXINGPODUJIANHUAN,CHENJIWUBIANXI,CENGCIZENGDUO,DIBIAOYOUYUHELIUDUOCIFANLANGAIDAO,GANGWAJIAOCUO,YINGXIANGJINGLIUPAIXIE,ZAIGANHANQIHOUTIAOJIANXIA,DIXIASHUIKUANGHUADUSHENGGAO,TURANGHUICHUXIANBUTONGCHENGDUDEYANJIANHUAXIANXIANG。PINGYUANXIABUHUBINHEBINHAIQU,DISHIDIPING,TUZHIZHANZHONG,DIBIAOHEDIXIAJINGLIUPAIXIEBUCHANG,ZAIGANHANQIHOUTIAOJIANXIA,DIXIASHUIKUANGHUADUGAO,KAIFALIYONGKUNNAN,TURANGYANZIHUAYANZHONG。QIEZHEIYIDIQUYOUYUWEIYUHEDAOXIAYOU,HANJIHESHUIDUANLIU,YUJISHOUHONGSHUIWEIXIE,YINCIJIANSHEZAIPINGYUANQUDEDAZHONGXINGGUANQUHEJINGGUANQU,YOUYUSUOCHUDEDIMAOBUWEIBUTONG,QISHUIYUANTIAOJIANHEYUZHIXIANGBANDEHAN、LAO、YANJIANDENGZAIHAIYEYINDIERYI。


(SI)JUTIDEZHONGZHIQINGKUANG


GUOSHUDEGUANSHUIDINGEYIGUOSHUDEZHONGLEI、PINZHONGHEZHENMUTEXING、SHULINGDAXIAOERYOUSUOBUTONG。NAIHANSHUZHONG,RUZAOSHU、BANLIDENGJIZHENMUSHISHUIFENYAOQIUJIAODIDESHUZHONG,GUANSHUIDINGEKEYIXIAOYIXIE;NAIHANXINGJIAOCHADESHUZHONG,RUPUTAO、PINGGUO、LIDENG,GUANSHUIDINGEYINGDAYIXIE。YOUSHUYINGSHAOGUANSHUI,JIEGUOGUOSHUKEDUOGUANSHUI。SHADIGUOYUAN,YIXIAOSHUIDUOGUAN。YANJIANDIGUOYUANGUANSHUIYINGZHUYIDIXIASHUIWEI,YIFANGZHIFANYAN、FANJIAN。YIBANCHENGLINGGUOSHUYICIZUISHIYIDEGUANSHUILIANG,YISHUIFENWANQUANSHIRUNGUOSHUGENXIFANWEINEIDETUCENGWEIYI。ZAICAIYONGJIESHUIGUANGAIFANGFADETIAOJIANXIA,YAODADAODEGUANGAISHENDUWEI0.4-0.5MI,SHUIYUANCHONGZUSHIKEDA0.8-1.0MI。


JICHENGLINGPUTAOSHUGUANSHUI,ZHUYAOSHIZAIPUTAOSHENGZHANGDEMENGYAQI、HUAQIQIANHOU、JIANGGUOPENGDAQIHEPUTAOCAISHOUHOUDE4GESHIQI,YIBANGUANSHUI5~7CI。


SAN.TIANJINSHIPUTAOJIESHUIGUANGAIFANGSHIDEXUANZE


(YI)TIANJINSHIPUTAOZHONGZHITIAOJIAN


TIANJINDIQUDEPUTAOJIDIFENBUZAITIANJINJIXIAN、HANGUDENGDI,WEIBOHAIWANBANSHIRUNQU,YOUXIAOJIWENZAI2000-3000℃,HUODONGJIWENZAI3700-4200℃,NIANJIANGYULIANGZAI500-600mm。ZUINUANYUEPINGJUNQIWEN25-26℃。BAOKUOTIANJINHANGU、TANGGU、NINGXIANZAINEIDEDONGBUBINHAIDIQUZUINUANYUEJIGUOSHICHENGSHUJIJIEQIWENJIAOTIANJINSHIQUDI1-2℃。BINHAIQIHOUYOULIYUSEZEJIXIANGQIXINGCHENG,MEIGUIXIANGPINZHIZUIWEITUCHU。ZHEILIDETUZHIWEISHAOZHANZHONGDEBINHAIYANJIANTURANG,KUANGZHIYINGYANGFENGFU,YOULIYUXIANGQIXINGCHENGHESEZEXINGCHENG。JIXIANDONGBUSHANQUJIDONGBEIBUDEZUNHUA、QIANXI、XINGLONGSHANQUQIWENMINGXIANJIANGDIWANSHUJIJIJIWANSHUPINZHONGCHENGSHUQIKEJIAOPINGYUANTUICHI10TIANZUOYOU,GUANGZHAOCHONGZU,WEIFENGXIXI,TURANGDUOWEIFUHANLISHI、GAIZHI、TOUQILIANGHAODERANGTUHUOSHARANGTU,SHISHENGCHANYOUZHIGANHONG、GANBAIPUTAOPINZHONGDELIANGHAOJIDI。


(ER)TUIJIANPUTAOJIESHUIGUANGAIDEYIZHONGZUOFA


TIANJINDIQUCHUNJIGANHAN(3-5YUE)JINGCHANGFASHENG,CIJIANZHENGZHIPUTAOSHENGZHANGWANGSHENGQI,XUSHUILIANGDA,CHUNHANDUIPUTAOSHENGZHANGFAYUYINGXIANGJIDA。DANGQIAN,TIANJINSHIPUTAOGUANGAIFANGSHIZHUYAOCAIYONGMANGUAN,SHUIDELIYONGLVDI,YINGGAIXUANZEJIAOXIANJINDEGUANGAIFANGSHI,RUSHENGUAN、WEIPENGUAN、DIGUANDENG。


GENJUAODALIYAKEXUEJIADEYANJIU,ZAIPUTAOGENBULIANGCEGEANFANGYIGENDIGUAN,MEICIGUANGAIZHIYONGYIGENDIGUAN,BINGQIEZHIRANGPUTAOYIBANDEGENXIXISHOUDAOSHUI。LIANGDAOSANZHOUHOUZAIYONGLINGYICEDEDIGUANGUANGAI,GUANBIYUANLAINEIYICEDEDIGUAN,RUCILUNHUI。SHIYONGSHANGSHUFANGFASHIPUTAOGENBUZHIYOUYIBANNENGBAOCHISHIRUN,LINGYIBANGENXIZAIGANZAOQUESHUIHOUHUIJIANGDIXISHUIGUO。LIANGSANZHOUHOU,QUESHUIDEZHEIYIBANGENXIHUIZHUANERXIANGCHAOSHIYICEXISHOUSHUIFEN,CISHI,YILUNDAOGANZAOYICEDEDIGUANDAKAIGUANGAILE,ZHEIYANGBINGBUHUIYINGXIANGGENXIDEZHENGCHANGGONGNENG。


SHANGSHUJIANDANBANFAZHISUOYIQIZUOYONG,SHIYINWEIPUTAOGENXINENGXISHOUDALIANGSHUIFEN,ERPUTAOTENGYONGSHUIXIAOLVBUGAO,DALIANGSHUIFENBAIBAILANGFEI。SHIYANZHENGMING,PUTAOGENXIZAISHUIFENJIANSHAOZHIHOU,PUTAOTENGYENENGZHENGCHANGSHENGZHANG。


GAIFANGFAYUCHUANTONGDEMANGUANXIANGBISHUIDELIYONGLVGAO,KEJIESHUIDA60%--70%,GUANGAIXIAOGUOHAO,KEJIESHENGLAODONGLI60%YISHANG,TIGAOPUTAOPINZHI,SHIYIZHONGZHIDETUIGUANGDEHAOFANGFA。



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